The Nag Hammadi Library, an accumulation of thirteen ancient books (called “codices”) containing over fifty texts, had been found in top Egypt in 1945. This important development includes|discovery th a large numbers of main “Gnostic Gospels” – texts once considered to have now been completely damaged throughout the early Christian find it difficult to determine “orthodoxy” – scriptures such as for example the Gospel of Thomas, the Gospel of Philip, additionally the Gospel of Truth. The breakthrough and interpretation for the Nag Hammadi collection, initially finished in the 1970’s, has furnished impetus to a significant re-evaluation of very early history that is christian the nature of Gnosticism.
For the introduction towards the Nag Hammadi development as well as the texts in this ancient collection, we provide a few resources. First, read an excerpt from Elaine Pagels’ exceptional popular introduction to the Nag Hammadi texts, The Gnostic Gospels. Then, for a synopsis associated with the Gnostic scriptures and a conversation of ancient Gnosis, check this out excerpt from Dr. Marvin Meyer’s introduction towards the Gnostic Bible. For another brief overview that is general you can expect an Introduction to Gnosticism in addition to Nag Hammadi Library by Lance Owens.
The Gnostic Society Library Bookstore provides a selection of the foremost books on the Nag Hammadi library and Gnostic tradition for further reading.
Texts when you look at the Collection:
Most of the texts discovered at Nag Hammadi can be purchased in the Gnostic Society Library; the collection is indexed in alphabetical purchase, and also by location when you look at the initial codices. A topic classified selection of the writings can also be given just below. You might search the collection that is entire of for key words or expressions utilizing our customized Nag Hammadi Search function.
We’ve unique collections of resources working with two especially crucial texts, the Gospel of Thomas, as well as The book that is secretApocryphon) of John. Several lectures that are introductory the Nag Hammadi materials are supplied, below.
For several regarding the major writings in the Nag Hammadi collection one or more interpretation is supplied inside our collection; where numerous translations are available available, we now have listed the translators’ names in parenthesis underneath the title regarding the scripture. A number of these translations derive from the work initially sponsored by the Coptic Gnostic Library Project of this Institute for Antiquity and Christianity, Claremont, Ca.
A few scholars that are prominent issued us authorization to provide their initial translations of Nag Hammadi texts right here when you look at the Gnostic Society Library. Our company is specific indebted into the support and efforts of Dr. Willis Barnstone, Dr. John Turner, Dr. Stevan Davies, in addition to Dr. Marvin this is certainly late Meyer. Copyright info is offered because of the different translations in the collection; contributors for this collection retain all copyright for their works.
The Global Edition for the Nag Hammadi Scriptures (published in 2007, modified by Marvin Meyer) provides translations that are authoritative most of the Nag Hammadi texts, along side introductions and records in the translations. We additionally strongly recommend The Gnostic Bible, edited by Willis Barnstone and Marvin Meyer; this comprehensive amount includes exceptional introductory material and offers gorgeous translations for the essential Nag Hammadi scriptures. In preview, an excerpt is provided by us from Dr. Marvin Meyer’s introduction into the Gnostic Bible.
Other essential main texts that are gnostic ancient writings discovered into the century prior to the recovery for the Nag Hammadi Library, including texts such as the Gospel of Mary – are cataloged into the Classical Gnostic Scriptures portion of the The Gnostic Society Library. Many scriptures within the Nag Hammadi collection had been impact by Valentinus (c. 100–160 AD) along with his tradition of Gnosis. As a result of their value, we now have a big part of the library devoted particularly to Valentinus while the Valentinian Tradition.
Themselves, digital images of the original Nag Hammadi Codices are available online at the Claremont Colleges Digital Library if you would like to see the ancient manuscripts.
A Summary for the Nag Hammadi Scriptures
When analyzed relating to matter that is subject you will find approximately six split major kinds of writings gathered into the Nag Hammadi codices:
Writings of innovative and mythology that is redemptive including Gnostic alternate variations of creation and salvation: The Apocryphon of John; The Hypostasis for the Archons; in the Origin worldwide; The Apocalypse of Adam; The Paraphrase of Shem. (for the discussion that is in-depth of, start to see the Archive commentary on Genesis and Gnosis.)
Findings and commentaries on diverse Gnostic themes, like the nature of truth, the type of this heart, the connection of this heart into the globe: The Gospel of Truth; The Treatise from the Resurrection; The Tripartite Tractate; Eugnostos the Blessed; the Treatise that is second of Great Seth; The Teachings of Silvanus; The Testimony of Truth.
Liturgical and initiatory texts: The Discourse in the Eighth and Ninth; The Prayer of Thanksgiving; A Valentinian Exposition; The Three Steles of Seth; The Prayer associated with Apostle Paul. (The Gospel of Philip, detailed beneath the sixth category below, has great relevance right here additionally, because of it is in impact a treatise on Gnostic sacramental theology).
Writings working primarily using the feminine deific and religious concept, specially utilizing the Divine Sophia: The Thunder, Ideal Mind; the notion of Norea; The Sophia of Jesus Christ; The Exegesis in the Soul.
Scriptures that have sayings of Jesus along with explanations of incidents in the life: The Dialogue for the Saviour; The Book of Thomas the Contender; The Apocryphon of James; The Gospel of Philip; The Gospel of Thomas.
This departs a tiny amount of scriptures for the Nag Hammadi Library which can be called “unclassifiable.” In addition should be taken into account that the passing of some time interpretation into languages completely different through the initial have actually rendered a majority of these scriptures abstruse any way you like. A number of them are hard reading, specifically for those visitors unfamiliar with Gnostic imagery, nomenclature and stuff like that. Lacunae may also be contained in most of these scriptures – in some associated with texts sections that are extensive been lost because of age and deterioration associated with the manuscripts.
The absolute most easily comprehensible regarding the Nag Hammadi scriptures is without a doubt The Gospel of Thomas, using the Gospel of Philip together with The Gospel of Truth as near moments if you wish of simple comprehension. (Fortunately, these texts had been all perfectly preserved and have now few lacunae.) These day there are several posted editions and translations on most among these scriptures available; the conventional complete version is the The Nag Hammadi Scriptures, modified by Marvin Meyer, posted in 2007.
Audio Lectures concerning the Nag Hammadi Scriptures
The Library has collected a series of introductory lectures and commentaries by Dr. Stephan Hoeller on Nag Hammadi texts; these are all in mp3 format to help place the Nag Hammadi materials into a better focus. (There are an infinitely more substantial catalog of lectures by Dr. Stephan Hoeller gnosticism that is introducing the Nag Hammadi Library offered at BC Recordings.)
Christ: The Misunderstood Redeemer – a knowledge associated with Gnostic perception of Christ is important for any significant reading of texts within the Nag Hammadi collection find here. In this lecture Dr. Stephan Hoeller makes use of a number of the ongoing works within the Nag Hammadi Library to introduce the Gnostic Christ. (MP3 structure, 75 min.)
Gnosticism: New Light regarding the Ancient Tradition of Inner Knowing, a quick lecture that is introductory the sourced elements of Gnostic tradition (hosted at BC Recordings).
Thomas and Philip: Gospels associated with the Gnostic Christ, speaking about soteriology that is gnostic revealed within these major Nag Hammadi texts; a presentation launching the ten component pair of lectures in the most well known and respected writings through the Nag Hammadi Library (hosted at BC Recordings).
Redemption and Redeemer into the Gospel of Thomas – The Gospel of Thomas the most crucial texts that are gnostic at Nag Hammadi. In this lecture, Dr. Hoeller explores the “soteriology” – the thought of a redeemer plus the procedure for redemption – as developed within the text associated with the Thomas Gospel. (MP3 structure, 75 min.)
The Sorrow of Sophia: Feminine Divine Image of suffering gnosticism that is a unique comprehension of the feminine aspects within divinity. A reading from The Exegesis on the Soul (NHL II,6) in this lecture Dr. Hoeller explores the Gnostic image of the suffering and the alienation of the divine feminine, using as his text. (MP3 structure, 80 min.)